The Famous Taj Mahal And Its Architecture.
It was inspired by the structures of Timuri and the Mughal, such as the Gur-e Amir (Timur’s mausoleum in Samarkand), the Itmad-Ud Tomb Daulah (Baby Taj) and the Jama Masjid in Delhi. Taj Mahal is famous for its Mughal architecture. (This is also shown here in ancient Persian art) In contrast to earlier Mughal structures, mostly made of red sandstone, Shah Jahan preferred white and half-precious marble.
The centre of the complex is the royal grave, which contains cenotaphs of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal and is enveloped in a perforated marble screen. (Their actual tombs are located in an underground room directly below them.) It consists of a symmetrical structure with a dome of approximately 80 feet (24m) in height, a brick and a scrap core and furnished in white marble held on metal dowels. 200 feet (61 metres) in the interior of this dome is an external onion dome, which stands on a central drum, which is surrounded by four octagonal towers and each has its own small dome pavilion. The outside dome has a 56 feet cupola.
The Famous Grave!
The graveyard is surrounded by red sandstone walls, on three sides and open on the left-hand side of the river. There are many more mausoleums outside walls, a red mosque of sandstone and an asymmetrical building in front of which Shah Jahan’s wives are built out of the building. The principal entry (Darwaza) of the complex is an enormous structure with a pishtaq arch decorated in the same style as the tomb, together with ceilings and walls that have geometric designs similar to those found in the principal buildings of the complex. The rectangular structure perimeter is guarded by four minarets, each is more than 40 metres (130 feet) high.
The whole architecture shows a beautiful feeling of harmony and balance among the buildings and an overwhelming sense of calm. The Taj Mahal’s white marble reflects the changing light and creates a subtle variety of tones that calm the entire complex.